Partners in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region Resource Management System
Resource management in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region was established under the Inuvialuit Final Agreement, which was approved and declared valid by the Western Arctic (Inuvialuit) Claims Settlement Act in 1984. There are six communities in the region: Aklavik, Inuvik, Sachs Harbour, Paulatuk, Tuktoyaktuk and Ulukhaktok.
The Inuvialuit Regional Corporation was established to manage the affairs of the Inuvialuit including their private lands. The Inuvialuit have exclusive ownership of surface and subsurface rights. Within the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation, the Inuvialuit Land Administration administers and manages these lands and the Inuvialuit Land and Administration Commission is responsible for land use decisions.
The Canadian Environmental Assessment Act applies in the Inuvialuit Region as well. The Act sets the legislative basis for environmental assessment.
The following public co-management bodies were established under the Inuvialuit Final Agreement to enhance environmental and resource co-management in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region:
Additionally, organizations were established to represent Inuvialuit interests and local community interests in wildlife management:
- Inuvialuit Game Council
- Hunters and trappers committees in each community
In addition to the boards formed under the Inuvialuit Final Agreement, the NWT Water Board was established by the Northern Inland Waters Act proclaimed in 1972. This Act was replaced by the NWT Waters Act in 1992. The NWT Water Board was renamed the Inuvialuit Water Board in March 2014. The Inuvialuit Water Board was devolved to the GNWT and the Waters Act (S.N.W.T. 2014) came into effect April 1, 2014. The Inuvialuit Water Board is another institution of public government in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region that is responsible for the conservation, development, and utilization of the water resources in the region.
Finally, the Joint Secretariat was established as a non-profit organization under the NWT Societies Act to provide technical and administrative support to these committees, boards, and councils.
Established though the Inuvialuit Final Agreement, the Environmental Impact Review Board is an institution of public government responsible for conducting an environmental impact assessment of development projects referred to it by the Environmental Impact Screening Committee.
The Environmental Impact Review Board carries out detailed environmental impact assessments and public reviews of development projects referred to it by the Environmental Impact Screening Committee. The Board decides whether a project should proceed and, if so, under what specific terms and conditions. In making its decision, the Environmental Impact Review Board considers the need for wildlife compensation, mitigation, and remedial measures. The Board can make recommendations of remedial or mitigative measures to minimize impacts to the body empowered to authorize development – the Inuvialuit Land and Administration Commission of the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation.
[ www.eirb.ca ]
The Environmental Impact Screening Committee is an institution of public government responsible for the environmental screening of all development proposals. The committee, established through the Inuvialuit Final Agreement, is tasked with determining whether or not the development could have a significant impact on the environment, or on present or future wildlife harvesting.
Based on their findings, they make recommendations as to if the project will proceed without impact, can proceed with recommended terms and conditions, or must undergo a further environmental impact assessment by the Environmental Impact Review Board or other governmental environmental impact assessment process.
[ www.screeningcommittee.ca ]
Inuvialuit Water Board (IWB)
The Inuvialuit Water Board provides for the conservation, development, and utilization of the waters in a manner that will provide the optimum benefit for all Canadians, and in particular, for the residents of the portion of the Inuvialuit Settlement Region located in the Northwest Territories for which the Board is authorized to issue licences for the use of waters and the deposit of waste in waters. The Water Board meets regularly to determine water license terms and conditions for municipal and industrial water use throughout the ISR. Members are appointed for specific terms by the Minister of Environment and Natural Resources
The NWT Board was established under the 1972 Northern Inland Waters Act, which was replaced in 1992 by the Northwest Territories Waters Act. The NWT Water Board was renamed the Inuvialuit Water Board in March 2014 and devolved to the GNWT with the Northwest Territories Lands and Resources Devolution Agreement. The Waters Act (S.N.W.T. 2014) came into effect on April 1, 2014.
[ www.inuvwb.ca ]